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Differences in the Effectiveness of Warm Compresses and Cold to Decrease Body Temperature in Fever P

Differences in the Effectiveness of Warm Compresses and Cold to Decrease Body Temperature in Fever Patients at the  Ngajum Health Center Malang

Lailatul Kodriyah1, Janes Jainurakhma2, Wiwit Dwi N.3

1Sudent of Kepanjen High School of Health Science, phone number: +628813466942, lakyde.al@gmail.com

2 Lecturer of Emergency Nursing, Kepanjen high school of health science, janesjainurakhma@yahoo.com

3 Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Kepanjen high school of health science, phone number: +6281331118957

Address : Kepanjen High School of Health Science

Trunojoyo Street 16 Kepanjen-Malang Regency 65163

 

Introduction: Fever with different types and found according to its range. Conditions fever if the temperature is above 37.5°C. Fever having a risk impact. Non pharmacological effect with compression of warm and cold can reduce the body temperature without the negative effect. Warm and cold compresses have a different mechanism. The general objective of this study was to determine differences ineffectiveness of warm and cold compresses to the decrease in body temperature at  the Ngajum health center Malang years 2014-2015.

Method: The study design was quasi-experimental method with a pretest and posttest design, the sample used respondents encountered during in one month that has met certain criteria accidental sampling. Accumulation of data in the form of observation sheets and checklist. Data management through editing, coding, tabulating, the data with analysis of two independent samplest test.

Result: The results obtained average temperature warm and cold compresses 1.0583 at 0.6583 with a p-value 0.019 significance level α of 0.05.

Analysis: ρ value of 0,019  and a significance level of 0,05 was also in get ρ < 0,05, so it can be concluded that H1 accepted that there are differences in the effectiveness of warm and cold compresses to decrease body temperature in fever patients at the Ngajum health center Malang years 2014-2015.

 

Discuss: Patient with fever is highly effective given warm compresses as non-pharmacological therapy.

 

Keywords: Fever, Body temperature, Warm compress, Cold compress

 

 

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